What Do You Call A Group Of Crows? And Why?
There are more than a few names for a group of crows but the most common is a murder. Other names for a group of crows include a mob or a horde. These names stem from medieval peasants who were a superstitious lot, and feared crows because they believed they were witches in disguise or sent from hell by the devil himself.
Why Are a Group Of Crows Called A Murder?
There are many reasons why a crows are called a murder, most of them can be traced back to those peasants again. For example:
- Crows are thought to gather as a group around a weak crow or a crow from a different group and murder it.
- Many people used to believe that the appearance of a group of crows signified death because they were often seen on battlefields eating flesh and gore.
- They are supposed to gather near to animals that are about to die.
Names Given To Other Types Of Birds
But the idea of giving various animal groups poetic or descriptive names comes from the English nobility from the middle ages. Other such names include:
- A Parliament of rooks
- A museum of waxwings
- A chime of wrens
- An orchestra of avocets
- A gaggle of geese
- A committee of terns
- A conspiracy of ravens (or an unkindness)
- An asylum of cuckoos
- A trembling of finches
- A cast of merlins
- A parcel of linnets
- A crown of kingfishers
- A mischief of magpies
- A worm of robins
- A murmuration of starlings
- A hermitage of thrushes
- A quarrel of sparrows
- A quilt of eiders
- A swatting of flycatchers
- A kettle of swallows
- A descent of woodpeckers
- A scold of jays
- A deceit of woodcock
- A pitying of turtle doves
- A charm of goldfinches
- A prayer of godwits
- A lamentation of swans
- A wisp of snipe
- A cerclage of house martins
Many of these names are remembered because they were part of the aristocracy’s education for etiquette. Published in handbooks designed to identify the aristocrats from the great unwashed.
Some of these names are derived from watching the birds, like “a descent of woodpeckers’ ‘ was probably from their habit of descending from great heights to swoop on an insect. Many have more than one name like the crow, take the goose for example. Geese gathered together on land are a gaggle but the same group of geese in the water are a plump, or if they are flying they are called a skein, a wedge, a team or a nide.
One of the names for a group of geese flying is a skein, which seems to be a variation or an abbreviation of the old French word for a hank of yarn, “escaigne”. This perfectly describes the flight pattern of the geese when they’re flying in a V formation (which is the formation used by many birds so the ones towards the middle can have a semi nap on long journeys).
Back To The Much Misunderstood Crow
Crows have had a bad name throughout history, with one type of crow named the “carrion crow” Carrion literally means “the decaying flesh of dead animals” and yet these birds are incredibly intelligent and in reality worthy of respect. There have been a number of scientific experiments done with crows to see just how intelligent they are, and they came up with some surprising results.
Betty The Clever Crow
Back in 2002 at Oxford university, a group of scientists gathered around to watch Betty pick up a piece of wire in her cage, bend one end against an object left close by, turning the wire into a hook. She then took the hook in her beak, and picked up a small dish of meat (Pigs heart) from inside a plastic length of tubing, and transferred it to her cage for lunch.
All of the gathered group of scientists and most of the world’s press were so amazed that they called Betty the cleverest crow ever, or words to that effect. But it turns out that as clever as Betty was, she was nothing too spectacular in the world of crows.
It’s Official Crows Are Very Clever Birds
In 2002 when Betty performed her famous stunt, she was considered to be one of a kind, but a later study carried out in Canada, discovered that the New Caledonian crows often make tools from sticks and twigs when foraging for food. This study has prompted scientists to study other members of the corvid family. Corvids include crows, ravens, jackdaws, rooks, magpies, jays and many more.
It is well known that primates ranging from apes to humans have a part of their brains called the neocortex and it is this that aids us to make decisions on how to solve problems. Corvids don’t have a neocortex, what they do have is a group of neurons that allow them to think in a way to solve problems.
But that’s not all, they can recognise people that have been threatening to them, and others who have shown a particular kindness towards them. Plus they communicate with each other and going back to the New Caledonian study, the crows search for a particular plant to make their hooked tools from. Even when the scientists hid those stems from the crows, they rooted through the undergrowth until they found them.
What Do The New Caledonian Crows Use Their Tools For?
The scientists studying the New Caledonian crows have camera footage of the crows bending the plant stem, and then using them to hook insects out of holes in tree trunks. They even made obstacle courses for the crows, a course of 8 separate steps were created for the crows to solve to get a reward. The particular crow that completed the course had done each one of the tasks before singly, but not all 8 at once like this time.
This gives rise for us to think the crow can to some extent plan ahead, which up until this time was considered a thing unique to humans and a few other primates from earlier scientific experiments. So never underestimate the intelligence of the visitors to your garden.
Frequently Asked Questions
A group of ravens are called either an unkindness or a conspiracy both are listed from the books from the middle ages.
A gathering of crows has a few names all dating from the medieval period they are: a murder, a mob or a horde.
A group of magpies are called a mischief according to books from the middle ages.
A group of hummingbirds has many names, a herd, a glittering, a shimmer, a tune, a bouquet, a hover and a charm.