Tree Sparrow

Tree Sparrow

Scientific name: Passer montanus

Did you know: Tree Sparrows, delightful countryside dwellers, are quite the shy species, preferring the tranquillity of rural settings over bustling urban landscapes.

What Do Tree Sparrows Look Like? (how to identify them)

Tree Sparrows are charmingly petite, more so than their cousin, the House Sparrow. They sport a distinctive chestnut brown head and nape, a stark contrast to the House Sparrow’s grey. With their white cheeks framed by a bold black cheek spot, they’re a sight to behold. 

Though a tad shy in the UK, they’re an active bunch, often seen with tails perked up in excitement.

Differences Between Male And Female Tree Sparrows

In a delightful twist of nature, both male and female Tree Sparrows share the same fashion sense. They flaunt chestnut-brown crowns, chestnut backs, and buff undersides, all complemented by white cheeks adorned with black cheek-spots.

What Do Tree Sparrows Eat?

Tree Sparrows are not fussy eaters. Their diet mainly consists of seeds and insects, offering them a balanced diet. During their early days, the young are treated to a diet exclusively of spiders and insects, ensuring a nutritious start to life.

Where Do Tree Sparrows Live? (inc. migration info)

These birds are quintessentially rural, favouring the edges of woodlands, farmlands, and hedgerows. 

While they have a strong presence across England and parts of Scotland and in Northern Ireland, they’re not fans of city living. Migration patterns are intriguing; some travel considerable distances, with East Yorkshire birds sometimes spotted in Suffolk during winter.

Bird Calls & Songs (the unique voices of Tree Sparrows)

Tree Sparrows may not have a traditional song, but their vocal repertoire is still impressive. They communicate with a series of excited ‘tschip’ calls, especially during courtship, and use various chirps for social interactions. Their flight call is a distinctive harsh ‘teck’, making them easily identifiable even without a visual.

Fun Tree Sparrow Facts (kid friendly)

  • They can lay up to 7 eggs in a brood, and sometimes have 2-3 broods a year.
  • Unlike their house sparrow cousins, both male and female Tree Sparrows look the same.
  • They have a special spot in their heart for seeds and insects.
  • Tree Sparrows are quite the travellers, sometimes moving significant distances between seasons.
  • Their nests are cosy homes made in tree cavities or nest boxes.
  • Despite their small size, they can live an average of 2 years.
  • In parts of Asia, Tree Sparrows are city dwellers, unlike their UK counterparts.
  • They have a wingspan of about 21 cm – imagine a ruler spread out!
  • Tree Sparrows love a good chat, using different calls for different situations.

Facts About The Tree Sparrow

Diet: Seeds and insects
Bird Family: Old World sparrows
Length: 14cm
Wingspan: 20-22cm
Weight: 19-25g
Scientific Name: Passer montanus

The Tree Sparrow Can Be Seen In The UK During The Following Months

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

Tree Sparrow Images

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Male
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Female
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Hatchling
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Nestling
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Chick
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Fledgling
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Juvenile