Male Fulmar

Fulmar

Scientific name: Fulmarus glacialis

Did you know: The Fulmar, a seabird related to the majestic albatross, can live up to an astonishing 44 years!

What Do Fulmars Look Like? (how to identify them)

Resembling gulls, Fulmars are distinguished by their greyish white plumage and a unique flight pattern on stiff wings. They glide gracefully over the sea, alternating between showing off their white underparts and grey upperparts.

Differences Between Male And Female Fulmars

Males and females are similar in appearance, making it challenging to distinguish between them based on plumage alone.

What Do Fulmars Eat?

Fulmars feed on a marine diet, including crustaceans, fish waste,  and sand eels, often foraging in flocks out at sea.

Where Do Fulmars Live? (inc. migration info)

Fulmars are found in marine and intertidal habitats around the UK’s coasts. These birds breed on cliffs and are pelagic when it’s not breeding season, roaming the ocean for food. 

Notably, their breeding history includes an impressive expansion from northern territories to the coasts of England and north parts of France.

Bird Calls & Songs (the unique voices of Fulmars)

Fulmars are not particularly known for their vocalisations, as they tend to be quieter compared to other seabirds, especially when out at sea.

Fun Fulmar Facts (kid friendly)

  • Fulmars belong to the ‘tubenoses’ group, which also includes albatrosses and storm petrels.
  • They can spit a foul-smelling oil to defend their nests!
  • Fulmars are expert gliders, using the wind currents around cliffs and sea.
  • These seabirds were once harvested for their oil, feathers, and meat.
  • A young Fulmar spends about 4-5 years at sea before it starts breeding.
  • They lay their eggs directly on the bare rock or in shallow depressions.
  • Fulmars can desalinate their bodies, thanks to a special gland.
  • They are known to live exceptionally long lives for birds, with some reaching over 40 years old.
  • Fulmars were historically found only in far northern Scotland but now are widespread around the UK.
  • Despite their gull-like appearance, they are closely related to albatrosses.

Fulmar Video

Facts About The Fulmar

Diet: Fish waste, crustaceans and sand eels.
Bird Family: Petrels and shearwaters
Length: 45-50cm
Wingspan: 1-1.12m
Weight: 610-1,000g
Scientific Name: Fulmarus glacialis

The Fulmar Can Be Seen In The UK During The Following Months

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

Fulmar Images

Male Fulmar Male
Female Fulmar Female
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Hatchling
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Nestling
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Chick
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Fledgling
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Juvenile