Wren

Scientific name: Troglodytes troglodytes

Did you know: The Wren, despite its small size, holds the title of the most common breeding bird in the UK, boasting over 8.6 million breeding territories!

What Do Wrens Look Like? (How to Identify Them)

Wrens are charmingly petite birds, easily recognisable by their almost round shape, short and narrow tail often held upright, and fine bill. They typically measure 9-10 cm in length and weigh between 7-12g, with a wingspan of 13-17 cm. 

Their plumage is predominantly brown, with lighter cream or buff shades on their underparts and distinctive dark bars on their wings, flanks, and tail. Young wrens resemble adults but have fewer bars.

Differences Between Male And Female Wrens

Visually, male and female wrens are quite similar, displaying no significant differences in plumage. Both sexes share the same size and colouration, making it challenging to distinguish them based on appearance alone.

What Do Wrens Eat?

Wrens have a diet primarily consisting of insects and spiders. They are often seen actively foraging close to the ground, using their sharp bills to pick insects from leaves and bark crevices. In addition to insects, they also consume seeds, berries, and occasionally small creatures like tadpoles.

Where Do Wrens Live? (Including Migration Info)

Wrens are widespread across the UK, inhabiting a variety of landscapes including woodlands, heathlands, farmlands, and urban areas. Despite their prevalence, wrens are more scarce in northern England and Scotland, particularly in upland regions. 

While they are predominantly sedentary birds, some northern populations may migrate to warmer areas during harsh winters.

Bird Calls & Songs (The Unique Voices of Wrens)

Wrens possess a remarkably loud voice for their size. Their vocalisations include a sharp ‘tik-tik-tik-tik’ alarm call and a vibrant song composed of clear, vigorous trills. The song is notably powerful, resonating far beyond what one might expect from such a small bird.

Fun Wren Facts (Kid Friendly)

  • Wrens can sing at a volume that is surprising for their tiny size.
  • They build dome-shaped nests, often in sheltered places like bushes or rock crevices.
  • Wrens have a lifespan of about two years, but some can live up to seven years.
  • The male wren may build several nests and lets the female choose her favourite.
  • They are not picky eaters – wrens will munch on insects, seeds, and even tadpoles.
  • Wrens are often more heard than seen, thanks to their loud and melodious songs.
  • In folklore, the wren was crowned the king of birds for its cleverness.
  • They are the most numerous breeding bird in the UK.
  • Male wrens might mate with more than one female in a breeding season.
  • The Eurasian wren is the only wren species found outside of the Americas.

Wren Images

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Male
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Female
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Hatchling
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Nestling
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Chick
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Fledgling
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Juvenile

Facts About The Wren

Diet: Insects and spiders.
Bird Family: Wrens
Length: 9-10cm
Wingspan: 13-17cm
Weight: 7-12g
Scientific Name: Troglodytes troglodytes

The Wren Can Be Seen In The UK During The Following Months

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December