Woodlark

Woodlark

Scientific name: Lullula arborea

Did you know: Over 3,000 Woodlark breeding pairs flourish in the UK, with some migrating to the continent in winter. This fact highlights the bird’s adaptability and presence across the region.

What Do Woodlarks Look Like? (how to identify them)

Woodlarks are easily distinguishable by their streaky brown feathers and a noticeable beige-white eye-stripe that connects across their neck’s nape. They possess a prominent but sometimes subtle crest on their crown. In flight, their short tails and broad, rounded wings stand out, along with a characteristic bobbing flight pattern, marked by closed wing-glides.

Differences Between Male and Female Woodlarks

Identifying the differences between male and female Woodlarks can be a bit challenging as they are quite subtle. Generally, both genders share similar markings and colours. However, keen observers might notice slight variations in size or the intensity of their plumage colours.

What Do Woodlarks Eat?

Woodlarks primarily dine on seeds and insects. Their diet adapts according to the season, with a focus on seeds during non-breeding periods and a shift to insects, like flies, beetles, and moths, during breeding seasons to meet the higher nutritional demands.

Where Do Woodlarks Live? (inc. migration info)

In the UK, Woodlarks are found in woodland, farmland, and heathland habitats. They breed in Eastern and Southern England, including the New Forest and Breckland, and are notable for their presence in grassland and heathland environments. 

Interestingly, while many remain in the UK year-round, some migrate to the continent for winter.

Bird Calls & Songs (the unique voices of Woodlarks)

Woodlarks are celebrated for their melodious, warbling songs. Their calls are often described as a “lu-lu-lu” sequence or a more intricate “serial lū-lū-lū-lū-lū-“, which is both distinctive and melodious, echoing across their habitats.

Fun Woodlark Facts (kid friendly)

  • Woodlarks can sing both in flight and while perched, showcasing their vocal talents.
  • Despite their small size, they have a wingspan of 27-30cm.
  • They are protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act, emphasising their importance.
  • Woodlarks can weigh between 25-35g, making them lightweight avian wonders.
  • The average lifespan of a Woodlark is about 3 years.
  • They create their nests on the ground, often hidden in grass or under bushes.
  • These birds are part of the Lark family, which includes several other melodious birds.
  • Woodlarks have a unique flight pattern, described as ‘bobbing’ due to their short, closed wing-glides.
  • They have a distinctive white-tipped tail, differentiating them from other similar species.
  • The Woodlark’s song has been celebrated in poetry, capturing the essence of its melodious nature.

Facts About The Woodlark

Diet: Seeds and insects.
Bird Family: Larks
Length: 15cm
Wingspan: 27-30cm
Weight: 25-35g
Scientific Name: Lullula arborea

The Woodlark Can Be Seen In The UK During The Following Months

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

Woodlark Images

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Male
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Female
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Hatchling
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Nestling
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Chick
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Fledgling
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Juvenile