Temminck’s Stint

Temminck’s Stint

Scientific name: Calidris temminckii

Did you know: The Temminck’s Stint, named after the Dutch naturalist Coenraad Jacob Temminck, is a passage migrant in the UK, with less than 100 recorded visits each year, mostly in May.

What Do Temminck’s Stints Look Like? (how to identify them)

Temminck’s Stints are dainty waders, characterised by their greyish-brown feathers, contrasting with a white belly. These birds are notable for their short bills, perfect for probing into muddy shorelines. They span 13-15 cm in length, with a wingspan of 34-37 cm, and weigh around 2,400g. 

During breeding season, adults may display brighter rufous feathers on their mantle, though their winter plumage is more subdued, resembling a miniature common sandpiper.

Differences Between Male And Female Temminck’s Stints

In terms of physical appearance, male and female Temminck’s Stints are quite similar. However, their breeding and parenting behaviours are distinctly different. 

Males establish their territory and mate with females who lay the first clutch of eggs. Intriguingly, after laying the first clutch, the female moves to a new territory to lay a second clutch, which she incubates on her own. 

Meanwhile, the male will stay with the first clutch and may partner with another female for a second clutch on his territory.

What Do Temminck’s Stints Eat?

Temminck’s Stints are insectivores, feeding primarily on larvae, worms, crustaceans, insects, and molluscs. They forage in soft mud, often around the edges of pools, displaying a unique, mouse-like creeping behaviour. 

Unlike other Calidris waders, they tend to feed solo or in small groups rather than forming large flocks.

Where Do Temminck’s Stints Live? (inc. migration info)

These birds prefer marine, intertidal, wetland, and grassland habitats. They breed in the bogs and marshes of the Arctic taiga in northern Europe and Asia, including southern Scandinavia and occasionally Scotland. 

Known for their strong migratory patterns, they winter at freshwater sites in tropical Africa, the Indian subcontinent, and parts of Southeast Asia. In the UK, they are most frequently spotted in spring, especially in May.

Bird Calls & Songs (the unique voices of Temminck’s Stints)

The Temminck’s Stint is known for its loud, trilling call, distinct from other waders. This call plays a crucial role during their breeding season and serves as a means of communication between individuals.

Fun Temminck’s Stints Facts (kid friendly)

  • Temminck’s Stints weigh about the same as a deck of cards (2,400g).
  • They have a special way of eating, creeping along pool edges like a mouse.
  • These birds can fly long distances, migrating from Arctic Europe to Africa and Asia.
  • The male and female stints take turns incubating eggs in separate nests.
  • Despite their small size, their trilling call can be heard loud and clear.

Facts About The Temminck’s Stint

Diet: Insects and larvae, worms, crustaceans and molluscs.
Bird Family: Sandpipers, snipes and phalaropes
Length: 13-15cm
Wingspan: 34-37cm
Weight: 24g
Scientific Name: Calidris temminckii

The Temminck’s Stint Can Be Seen In The UK During The Following Months

  • April
  • May
  • August
  • September

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