Song Thrush

Scientific name: Turdus philomelos

Did you know: Song thrushes are known for their unique way of eating snails, smashing the shells on a ‘stone anvil’ to get to the meat inside!

What Do Song Thrushes Look Like? (how to identify them)

Song thrushes are charming birds with a warmish brown back, head, and wings. Their cream breasts are speckled with dark brown, heart-shaped spots. 

These birds are quite smaller than blackbirds, measuring about 23 cm in length. Unlike their relatives, the mistle thrush and the redwing, song thrushes lack a white eyestripe and red and orange underwings, making them easy to distinguish.

Differences Between Male And Female Song Thrushes

In song thrushes, males and females share a similar appearance. However, careful observation may reveal subtle differences in size or spot patterns, though these distinctions are not always pronounced.

What Do Song Thrushes Eat?

The diet of a song thrush is quite varied, consisting of snails, caterpillars, worms, and fruit. They are particularly fond of snails, known for their unique method of breaking snail shells on rocks. This helps them access the tender parts inside, a behaviour exclusive to these birds.

Where Do Song Thrushes Live? (inc. migration info)

Song thrushes are widespread across the UK, inhabiting woodlands, farmlands, parks, and gardens. They prefer environments rich in trees and bushes for nesting. While UK song thrushes are mostly resident, their northern European counterparts migrate to Africa. In Britain, they can be seen throughout the year, delighting us with their presence in both urban and rural settings.

Bird Calls & Songs (the unique voices of Song Thrushes)

The song thrush lives up to its name with a melodious and loud song, characterised by short notes repeated two to three times. This distinct vocal pattern, often heard at dawn and dusk, sets them apart from other birds, making their song a delightful and familiar sound in their habitats.

Fun Song Thrush Facts (kid friendly)

  • Song thrushes can sing from as early as January, heralding the coming spring.
  • Their nests are unique, with a smooth lining of mud, easily spotted in hedges or trees.
  • These birds can produce up to three broods a year, each with four to six blue, spotty eggs.
  • Song thrushes were once so common in UK woodlands that they were known as ‘throstles’.
  • Despite their beauty, song thrushes are an amber-listed species due to significant population declines.
  • The wingspan of a song thrush is typically between 33 to 36 cm.
  • They have a relatively short average lifespan of about 3 years.
  • Look for piles of broken snail shells in your garden – a sign a song thrush may be nearby!

Song Thrush Images

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Male
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Female
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Hatchling
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Nestling
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Chick
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Fledgling
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Juvenile

Facts About The Song Thrush

Diet: Worms, snails and fruit.
Bird Family: Thrushes
Length: 23cm
Wingspan: 33-36cm
Weight: 65-100g
Scientific Name: Turdus philomelos

The Song Thrush Can Be Seen In The UK During The Following Months

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December