Robin

Robin

Scientific name: Erithacus rubecula

Did you know: Robins are one of the few bird species that sing throughout the winter, often heard melodiously during the night, leading some to mistake them for nightingales.

What Do Robins Look Like? (how to identify them)

Robins are easily recognised by their bright orange breasts and faces, bordered by grey, with brown upper-parts and a whitish belly. They measure about 12 to 14 cm in length, sporting a wingspan of 20 to 22 cm and weighing between 14 to 21g. 

Juvenile robins, however, display a brown plumage with golden mottling and lack the characteristic orange breast.

Differences Between Male And Female Robins

Interestingly, male and female robins exhibit similar colourations, both featuring the iconic orange breast and face, grey-lined, with brown upper parts and a pale underbelly. The subtle differences lie in their size and behaviour, especially during the breeding season.

What Do Robins Eat?

Robins are omnivorous, their diet encompassing a variety of foods. They primarily feed on worms, seeds, fruits, insects, and other invertebrates. Their adaptable feeding habits make them frequent visitors to gardens, often seen foraging for earthworms or feasting on fruits and seeds.

Where Do Robins Live? (inc. migration info)

Robins are a common sight across the UK, thriving in woodland, urban, suburban, and farmland habitats. While largely sedentary in most of their range, some populations, particularly in the far north, do migrate. Robins are territorial and are known for their year-round presence, defending their area with their distinctive songs.

Bird Calls & Songs (the unique voices of Robins)

Robins are celebrated for their melodious songs, which they use to defend their territory. Their calls are a familiar sound in British gardens, parks, and woodlands. Both males and females sing, with their vocalisations often heard during winter nights, a characteristic that sometimes leads to confusion with nightingales.

Fun Robin Facts (kid friendly)

  • Robins are known to nest in unusual places, like post boxes and barbecues.
  • The robin was once called “ruddock” and “robinet” in old English.
  • They can be fiercely territorial, sometimes even attacking stuffed robins!
  • Robins are not just garden visitors; they also inhabit woodlands and parks.
  • The robin’s red breast is not just for show; it’s a warning to other robins to stay away from their territory.
  • These birds are skilled at finding food, often following gardeners to snatch up worms.
  • Robins have been associated with Christmas cards since Victorian times.
  • Despite their small size, robins can be quite bold and feisty, especially when defending their territory.
  • A robin’s average lifespan is about 2 years, though they can live longer.
  • Robins are part of the Muscicapidae family, also known as the Old World flycatchers.

Facts About The Robin

Diet: Worms, seeds, fruits, insects and other invertebrates.
Bird Family: Old World flycatchers and chats
Length: 14cm
Wingspan: 20-22cm
Weight: 14-21g
Scientific Name: Erithacus rubecula

The Robin Can Be Seen In The UK During The Following Months

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

Robin Images

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Male
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Female
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Hatchling
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Nestling
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Chick
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Fledgling
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Juvenile