Peregrine Falcon

Peregrine Falcon

Scientific name: Falco peregrinus

Did you know: The Peregrine Falcon, known as the fastest bird in the world, can swoop down on its prey at over 300 km/h during its hunting dive!

What Do Peregrine Falcons Look Like? (how to identify them)

Peregrine Falcons are striking birds of prey, known for their blue-grey backs, barred white underparts, and a distinctive black head. This large, crow-sized falcon is celebrated for its incredible speed and agility in flight.

Differences Between Male And Female Peregrine Falcons

Peregrine Falcons exhibit sexual dimorphism, with females being quite bigger than males. Otherwise, both sexes share similar plumage characteristics.

What Do Peregrine Falcons Eat?

Peregrine Falcons primarily feed on other medium-sized birds, including pigeons and ducks. They are also known to occasionally hunt small mammals, small reptiles, or insects.

Where Do Peregrine Falcons Live? (inc. migration info)

These falcons have a vast breeding range extending from the Arctic tundra to the tropics. They are found almost everywhere on Earth, barring extreme polar regions, very high mountains, and dense tropical rainforests.

Bird Calls & Songs (the unique voices of Peregrine Falcons)

Peregrine Falcons are known for their loud, piercing calls, especially around their nesting sites. Their vocalisations include a sharp series of “kak-kak-kak” notes.

Fun Peregrine Falcon Facts (kid friendly)

  • The Peregrine Falcon is the fastest animal in the world, reaching speeds over 320 km/h!
  • They have a special notch in their beak to kill prey by severing the spinal column.
  • Peregrine Falcons can be found on every continent except Antarctica.
  • They are known to migrate long distances, especially those breeding in Arctic regions.
  • These falcons have adapted to urban environments, often nesting on tall buildings.
  • The name “Peregrine” means “wanderer” – a nod to their long-distance migrations.
  • Peregrine Falcons were once endangered due to pesticides but have made a remarkable comeback.
  • They are a popular bird in falconry due to their hunting skills and trainability.
  • Females are typically larger than males, a common trait in birds of prey.
  • Young Peregrine Falcons are called “eyases” and have fluffy white down when hatched.

Facts About The Peregrine Falcon

Diet: Medium-sized birds, such as wading birds, pigeons and small ducks.
Bird Family: Falcons
Length: 39-50 cm
Wingspan: 95-115 cm
Weight: 600-1300 g
Scientific Name: Falco peregrinus

The Peregrine Falcon Can Be Seen In The UK During The Following Months

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December