Mediterranean Gull

Mediterranean Gull

Scientific name: Larus melanocephalus

Did you know: The Mediterranean Gull, despite what it’s called, is a familiar sight not only in southern Europe but also along the Black Sea and Atlantic coasts, as well as in Wales and England!

What Do Mediterranean Gulls Look Like? (How to Identify Them)

Mediterranean Gulls are striking when it’s their breeding season with their black heads, and white-coloured eye rings. Also, they have vibrant red-orange beaks and legs

Their wings are a pale grey, with a white belly, flanks, upper back, and breast.

Differences Between Male And Female Mediterranean Gulls

Males and females are similar in appearance. In non-breeding seasons, they moult to a less distinct plumage, appearing mostly white with dark streaks around their eyes. Juveniles have marks that are white and brownish-grey in colour, with a paler belly and head.

What Do Mediterranean Gulls Eat?

Their diet mainly consists of aquatic insects, small fish, beetles, worms, and occasionally small rodents. In populated coastal areas, they also consume carrion, offal, and scraps.

Where Do Mediterranean Gulls Live? (Including Migration Info)

Mediterranean Gulls breed in various habitats including coasts, estuaries, inland lakes, reservoirs, marshes, fields, and urban areas. They migrate westward to the Mediterranean coast and northwest Africa in winter, with some remaining in the Black Sea region year-round.

Bird Calls & Songs (The Unique Voices of Mediterranean Gulls)

While they are not very vocal birds, their common call is a distinctive whining “ee-ar” or “yee-ah” cry, that rises and falls in pitch.

Fun Mediterranean Gull Facts (Kid Friendly)

  • Mediterranean Gulls can be seen in large flocks during winter on British beaches.
  • Their black-headed summer plumage makes them easily distinguishable from other gulls.
  • They are adaptable birds, able to thrive in both urban and natural landscapes.
  • Juvenile Mediterranean Gulls have a distinct appearance from adults, with mottled grey and white wings.
  • They are protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981 in the UK.

Facts About The Mediterranean Gull

Diet: Insects, fish, offal and carrion.
Bird Family: Gulls and terns
Length: 36-38cm
Wingspan: 92-100cm
Weight: 230-280g
Scientific Name: Larus melanocephalus

The Mediterranean Gull Can Be Seen In The UK During The Following Months

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

Mediterranean Gull Images

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Male
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Female
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Hatchling
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Nestling
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Chick
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Fledgling
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Juvenile