CraneScientific name: Grus grus
Did you know: Cranes are among the oldest living bird species, with fossils dating back to the Eocene era, over 35 million years ago.
What Do Cranes Look Like? (how to identify them)
Cranes are majestic, tall wading birds known for their long legs and necks. They have streamlined bodies, large rounded wings, and long secondary feathers extending over their tails.
Most species exhibit muted grey or white feathers, often accented in black, and have distinctive red-coloured bare patches on their faces.
Differences Between Male And Female Cranes
Males and females of crane species are similar in external appearance. However, males are generally slightly larger than females, a subtle difference that might require a keen eye to notice.
What Do Cranes Eat?
Cranes are opportunistic feeders, adapting their diet to the specific season and available resources. Their diet is diverse, ranging from small rodents, insects, and amphibians, to grains and berries.
Cranes’ foraging habits are a marvel, as they adeptly change their eating patterns based on their nutritional needs.
Where Do Cranes Live? (inc. migration info)
Cranes are found on every continent except Antarctica and South America. They exhibit varied migration patterns: some species undertake long migrations, while others are sedentary.
Cranes are known for their gregarious nature outside the breeding season, forming large flocks in suitable habitats.
Bird Calls & Songs (the unique voices of Cranes)
Cranes are celebrated for their loud, distinctive calls, which carry over long distances. These calls are not just a means of communication but also play a role in their spectacular mating dances.
The trachea’s structure in different crane species influences the sound and intensity of these calls.
Fun Crane Facts (kid friendly)
- Cranes are one of the tallest birds in the world.
- The Sarus Crane is the tallest flying bird alive today, standing at a height of up to 176 cm (about 5.8 feet).
- Cranes are known for their elaborate courtship dances, which include bowing, jumping, and wing flapping.
- Some crane species migrate over thousands of kilometres each year.
- Cranes have been a part of mythology and culture in many civilisations across the world.
Facts About The CraneDiet: Seeds, roots, insects, snails and worms.
Bird Family: Cranes
Scientific Name: Grus grus
The Crane Can Be Seen In The UK During The Following Months